Eko-feminizm, neo-Darwinizm


FILIPOWICZ Anna – Species (co)existences, species (co)evolution.
Neo-Darwinism in the works of Anna Świrszczyńska and Anna Nasiłowska.

In posthuman visions of man, referring to Darwin’s theory of evolution (Grosz , Hird), the possibility of appointing any ontological boundary between humans and animals are questioned. The concept of separating the two entities impassable difference replaces the belief in existence of a common for all species, biological and cultural, potential, non-identical only in degree. Thus, according to neo-Darwinians, the human and non-human existence are combined together not only through the similarity of bodily practices, but also through the convergence of emotional, rational and even ethical and aesthetic behavior, which previously has been attributed only to homo sapiens. Sometimes their form depends on the co-evolution of species, on its exposure to other influences.
A similar representation of human-animal continuity can be found in works of Świrszczyńska (poetic cycle: Matka i córka) and Nasiłowska (Księga początku). Opportunity to verify the anthropocentric bias becomes an experience of care for offspring shared with animals. Discovering itself in a relationship with a female child, female subject exceeds both oppression phallocentric constitution and the traditional paradigm, which links femininity with nature (negative as well as affirmative). The post-dependence direction of both works founds it unexpected complement in biology and evolutionary psychology. Identified in this way, the convergence of human and non-human motherhood (parenthood), allows to open human life as a process of continuous exchange of forms, visible for centuries, especially between species cohabitated alongside each other (human, dog, cat). It opens for a definitely fuller life, more unpredictable and astonished us in many ways. As then, when under the influence of the forces of nature, it conditioning the entire existence, the area of culture, as a field of biological survival, formed during evolution.


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